More than 162,000 networking Product Description ´´For an engineer determined to refine and secure Internet operation or to explore alternative solutions to persistent problems, the insights provided by this book will be invaluable.´´ -Vint Cerf, Internet pioneer TCP/IP Illustrated, Volume 1, Second Edition, is a detailed and visual guide to today´s TCP/IP protocol suite. Fully updated for the newest innovations, it demonstrates each protocol in action through realistic examples from modern Linux, Windows, and Mac OS environments. There´s no better way to discover why TCP/IP works as it does, how it reacts to common conditions, and how to apply it in your own applications and networks. Building on the late W. Richard Stevens´ classic first edition, author Kevin R. Fall adds his cutting-edge experience as a leader in TCP/IP protocol research, updating the book to fully reflect the latest protocols and best practices. He first introduces TCP/IP´s core goals and architectural concepts, showing how they can robustly connect diverse networks and support multiple services running concurrently. Next, he carefully explains Internet addressing in both IPv4 and IPv6 networks. Then, he walks through TCP/IP´s structure and function from the bottom up: from link layer protocols-such as Ethernet and Wi-Fi-through network, transport, and application layers. Fall thoroughly introduces ARP, DHCP, NAT, firewalls, ICMPv4/ICMPv6, broadcasting, multicasting, UDP, DNS, and much more. He offers extensive coverage of reliable transport and TCP, including connection management, timeout, retransmission, interactive data flow, and congestion control. Finally, he introduces the basics of security and cryptography, and illuminates the crucial modern protocols for protecting security and privacy, including EAP, IPsec, TLS, DNSSEC, and DKIM. Whatever your TCP/IP experience, this book will help you gain a deeper, more intuitive understanding of the entire protocol suite so you can build better applications and run more reliable, efficient networks. Features + Benefits W. Richard Stevens´ legendary TCP/IP guide, now updated by top network protocol developer and instructor Kevin Fall Shows how each protocol actually operates, and explains why they work that way New coverage includes RPC, access control, authentication, privacy, NFS, SMB/CIFS, DHCP, NAT, firewalls, email, Web, web services, wireless, wireless security, and much more Foreword xxv Preface to the Second Edition xxvii Adapted Preface to the First Edition xxxiii Chapter 1: Introduction 1 1.1 Architectural Principles 2 1.2 Design and Implementation 8 1.3 The Architecture and Protocols of the TCP/IP Suite 13 1.4 Internets, Intranets, and Extranets 19 1.5 Designing Applications 20 1.6 Standardization Process 22 1.7 Implementations and Software Distributions 24 1.8 Attacks Involving the Internet Architecture 25 1.9 Summary 26 1.10 References 28 Chapter 2: The Internet Address Architecture 31 2.1 Introduction 31 2.2 Expressing IP Addresses 32 2.3 Basic IP Address Structure 34 2.4 CIDR and Aggregation 46 2.5 Special-Use Addresses 50 2.6 Allocation 62 2.7 Unicast Address Assignment 65 2.8 Attacks Involving IP Addresses 70 2.9 Summary 71 2.10 References 72 Chapter 3: Link Layer 79 3.1 Introduction 79 3.2 Ethernet and the IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards 80 3.3 Full Duplex, Power Save, Autonegotiation, and 802.1X Flow Control 94 3.4 Bridges and Switches 98 3.5 Wireless LANs-IEEE 802.11(Wi-Fi) 111 3.6 Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) 130 3.7 Loopback 145 3.8 MTU and Path MTU 148 3.9 Tunneling Basics 149 3.10 Attacks on the Link Layer 154 3.11 Summary 156 3.12 References 157 Chapter 4: ARP: Address Resolution Protocol 165 4.1 Introduction 165 4.2 An Example 166 4.3 ARP Cache 169 4.4 ARP Frame Format 170 4.5 ARP Examples 171 4.6 ARP Cache Timeout 174 4.7 Proxy ARP 174 4.8 Gratuitous ARP and Address Conflict Detection (ACD) 175 4.9 The arp Command 177 4.10 Using ARP to Set an Embedded Device´s IPv4 Address 178 4.11 Attacks Involving ARP 178 4.12 Summary 179 4.13 References 179 Chapter 5: The Internet Protocol (IP) 181 5.1 Introduction 181 5.2 IPv4 and IPv6 Headers 183 5.3 IPv6 Extension Headers 194 5.4 IP Forwarding 208 5.5 Mobile IP 215 5.6 Host Processing of IP Datagrams 220 5.7 Attacks Involving IP 226 5.8 Summary 226 5.9 References 228 Chapter 6: System Configuration: DHCP and Autoconfiguration 233 6.1 Introduction 233 6.2 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) 234 6.3 Stateless Address
While HIV-1 continues to be well-researched, this detailed volume draws attention to other members of the Retrovirus family, namely the Human T-lymphotropic Viruses (HTLVs), featuring the most updated technical information about HTLV determination and the methods to investigate their interaction with the host immune system and interfering pathogens. The contents include essential aspects of epidemiology and virus transmission, novel and robust methodologies for studying the effects of trans-activating regulatory HTLVs´ proteins, the latest techniques for genotyping and gene expression analysis, as well as cellular phenotype and dynamics. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Human T-Lymphotropic Viruses: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide to an area of study that is very much worthy of further research.
A modernized medical revision of the ´´original´´ hCG Diet Protocol that details all of the 4 phases. The new 800-calorie hCG Diet protocol was developed over three years ago, peer reviewed, and tested on thousands of dieters with spectacular results.The new modified version will provide the dieter with a more tolerable, healthier, and safer program. HCG drops dieters are strongly encouraged to follow this protocol to achieve healthier long-term weight loss results. This book includes the phase two 800-calorie hCG Diet protocol food guide; all required hCG essentials; sample menus; phase two recipes; new plateau-breaking tips; modernized, detailed guidelines for all four phases; phase three maintenance guide; hCG Diet FAQ´s; long-term patient testimonials; recommended supplement and nutritional information; calorie-counting charts; high glycemic foods to avoid; easy exercise routines; and published hCG Diet articles. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Dan Harder. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/001455/bk_acx0_001455_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Presenting an area of research that intersects with and integrates diverse disciplines, including molecular biology, applied informatics, and statistics, among others, Bioinformatics for Omics Data: Methods and Protocols collects contributions from expert researchers in order to provide practical guidelines to this complex study. Divided into three convenient sections, this detailed volume covers central analysis strategies, standardization and data-management guidelines, and fundamental statistics for analyzing Omics profiles, followed by a section on bioinformatics approaches for specific Omics tracks, spanning genome, transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome levels, as well as an assortment of examples of integrated Omics bioinformatics applications, complemented by case studies on biomarker and target identification in the context of human disease. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology™ series format, chapters contain introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.
The phenomena of ghosts and hauntings are very real experiences that more and more people are encountering every day. It is their true cause and nature that is the ongoing mystery. In Paranormal Investigations, author Chad Stambaugh discusses the process of trying to find that one piece of evidence that could prove, without a doubt, that ghosts are real. Paranormal Investigations shows both the beginner and the professional when and how to correctly operate the different types of equipment integral to a paranormal investigation - cameras, camcorders, voice recorders, digital video recorders, EMF detectors, dowsing rods, pendulums, and more. In addition, Chad breaks down, step by step, the correct procedures for conducting both public and private investigations, including how to deal with clients, what to look for, how to look for it, and how to document an investigation. Through this detailed guide, Chad works toward creating paranormal unity among those who research the events or phenomena that science can´t or won´t explain. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Nigel Peever. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/042950/bk_acx0_042950_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This book covers all key aspects of critical care in pediatric nephrology, including acute dialysis in sick children. It also provides detailed protocols for managing fluid and electrolyte balance and dialysis in children in intensive care. In addition, this quick guide discusses innovations in pediatric renal replacement therapy technologies, such as plasma exchange, CARPEDIEM, NIDUS and aquadex. This is a go-to book for intensivists, physicians and trainees working in pediatric intensive care units.
This book covers a wide range of state-of-the-art methodologies and detailed protocols currently used to study the actions that lipid-activated nuclear receptors and their co-regulators have in tissues and immune cell types considered classic metabolic ´´powerhouses´´. This includes the liver, adipose tissue, and monocytes/macrophages present in these and other metabolic tissues. While the main focus is on the oxysterol receptor or Liver X Receptor (LXR), the majority of the methods described can be easily applied to multiple nuclear receptors, as well as to other tissues or cell types. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Lipid-Activated Nuclear Receptors: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide for researchers pursuing the vital study of nuclear receptor biology and beyond.
The majority of all proteins undergo co- and/or post-translational modifications, crucially altering physical and chemical properties, folding, conformation distribution, stability, activity, and, consequently, the function of the proteins. In Post-Translational Modifications of Proteins: Tools for Functional Proteomics, Third Edition this important area of research is brought up-to-date by the leading scientists in the field. This compilation of detailed protocols focuses on protein function, proteome research and characterization of pharmaceutical proteins, while following the successful format of the Methods in Molecular Biology series. Each chapter provides a brief introduction to the topic, step-by-step laboratory protocols, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and cutting edge, Post-Translational Modifications of Proteins: Tools for Functional Proteomics, Third Edition serves as practical guide for researchers working in the field of protein structure-function relationships and the rapidly growing field of proteomics, as well as scientists in the pharmaceutical industries.
Ten years ago, the first edition of Graves´ Orbitopathy: A Multidisciplinary Approach was published. Since then, the book has become very popular and much has happened in the field to warrant a third edition. What has not changed is the successful and attractive question-and-answer format of the book. In the 3rd, revised and expanded edition, new chapters have been added on co-morbidity, local treatment modalities, novel immunosuppressive therapy, detailed protocols, and questions frequently asked by patients. All chapters of the previous edition have been thoroughly updated. Subjects covered then include the pathology of Graves´ Orbitopathy (GO) and the controversial views on its pathogenesis; assessment of changes using reliable measuring techniques; medical management of GO including established and alternative treatment options; technical explanations and illustrations of various surgical procedures; and finally, the molecular, immunologic, and clinical aspects of this complex disorder. Additionally, ample consideration is given to the new 2016 ETA/EUGOGO guidelines on the management of GO.
This volume provides the reader with detailed protocols that describe a variety of in vitro and in vivo techniques that study reductionist systems and human samples. The methods covered in this book explore a broad selection of topics such as functional aspects of alpha-synuclein biology, its lipid-interactions and misfolding, and functional deficits in cells and mice. Chapters also cover topics such as kinetic measurements of endocytosis and exocytosis in cultured neurons; electrochemiluminescence-based detection; yeast-based screens to target alpha-synuclein toxicity; mass-spectrometry of alpha-synuclein in rat cortical neurons; and expression and purification of untagged a-synuclein. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Alpha-Synuclein: Methods and Protocols is a valuable reference guide that aids researchers working on topics related to alpha-synuclein and its various aspects.