Diagnostic Molecular Biology describes the fundamentals of molecular biology in a clear, concise manner to aid in the comprehension of this complex subject. Each technique described in this book is explained within its conceptual framework to enhance understanding, and current applications of clinical laboratory techniques are covered in detail. The targeted approach covers the principles of molecular biology including the basic knowledge of nucleic acids, proteins, and genomes; the basic techniques and instrumentations that are often used in the field of molecular biology with detailed procedures and explanations; and the applications of the principle and techniques currently employed in the clinical laboratory. Provides an understanding of what techniques are used to diagnosis at the molecular level Explains how to use information technology to communicate and assess results in the lab Places protocols into context with practical applications
Presenting an area of research that intersects with and integrates diverse disciplines, including molecular biology, applied informatics, and statistics, among others, Bioinformatics for Omics Data: Methods and Protocols collects contributions from expert researchers in order to provide practical guidelines to this complex study. Divided into three convenient sections, this detailed volume covers central analysis strategies, standardization and data-management guidelines, and fundamental statistics for analyzing Omics profiles, followed by a section on bioinformatics approaches for specific Omics tracks, spanning genome, transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome levels, as well as an assortment of examples of integrated Omics bioinformatics applications, complemented by case studies on biomarker and target identification in the context of human disease. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology™ series format, chapters contain introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.
In the present work, both in silico and in vivo methods for flux analysis in plants were successfully developed and applied for enhanced understanding of plant physiology. Taken together, the in silico metabolic simulations provide detailed molecular insights into plant functioning, particularly by linking in vivo with in silico data. The knowledge gained from such a systems-biological approach, together with the proposed high potential of plants as biotechnological production platforms, especially for compounds requiring much redox power, will help to establish plants as biotechnological factories. For the first time, the in vivo metabolism of an agriculturally relevant crop, O. sativa, was investigated, through non-stationary 13C-metabolic flux analysis. This allowed elucidation of the in vivo intracellular carbon partitioning in rice plants and of the plants´ necessity for futile cycling of resources, thus, contributing significantly to our current knowledge on plant metabolism. In addition, the effect of imazapyr, an industrially relevant herbicide, on rice metabolism was inspected using the newly established workflow. This first real-life case-study provides a valuable proof-of-principle and enabled a deeper understanding of the immediate metabolic effects of the treatment. This method can now be adopted to other crops, cell lines and stress inducers, such as abiotic stresses, herbicides and fungicides, and therefore, has great potential in green biotechnology.
Food poisoning and diarrhea is one of the common health problems in the world. Diarrhea can be caused by many organisms but E. coli has been recognized to be the frequently caused main pathogen. Among them most important are EPEC and non-O157. EPEC causes the severe diarrhea in infants and sometime in adults. It has been the cause of diarrhea since more than 40 years. Non-O157 E. coli is the emerging diarrheagenic pathogen. It also causes HUS in human which remains the major health problem. But no detailed research and characterization have been made yet. Recently, more attentions have been focused on infections caused by non-O157 E. coli isolates. Both EPEC and non-O157 E. coli produce Verotoxin (VT) gene. No detailed molecular characterization of EPEC and non-O157 E. coli isolates in relation with VT gene was carried out in Malaysia. In this study, EPEC and non-O157 E. coli isolates were collected and molecular characterizations were carried out in relation to VT gene. The new findings presented here will provide a significant improved knowledge for better understanding for this highly significant emerging non-O157 E. coli pathogen in relation to its verotoxin production.
This detailed volume assembles comprehensive protocols to assist with the study of structural, molecular, cell biological, and in vivo facets of GPCRs, and to enable the development of experimental tools for screening novel GPCR drugs. Sections explore the tweaking of ligands, bioluminescence and FRET approaches, specific GPCR signaling properties, as well as visualization of subcellular compartmentalization. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, G Protein-Coupled Receptor Signaling: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal reference for life scientists working in a variety of research fields including molecular pharmacology, cell and developmental biology, brain behavior and physiology, drug development and screening. Chapter 4 is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com.
This detailed book covers numerous expert methodologies to examine Hippo signaling on the structural, molecular, cellular, and organismal level. Beginning with a section on Drosophila genetics, the volume continues with parts exploring molecular and cell biological studies of the Hippo pathway, the use of structural biology and biochemistry, and a brief look at the Hippo pathway in mouse models. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters contain introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and practical, The Hippo Pathway: Methods and Protocols equips newcomers and specialists alike with key methodologies to accurately define the status of Hippo signaling in their experimental settings.
This volume explores novel concepts of pericyte biology. The present book is an attempt to describe the most recent developments in the area of pericyte biology which is one of the emergent hot topics in the field of molecular and cellular biology today. Here, we present a selected collection of detailed chapters on what we know so far about the pericytes. Together with its companion volumes Pericyte Biology in Different Organs and Pericyte Biology in Disease, Pericyte Biology - Novel Concepts presents a comprehensive update on the latest information and most novel functions attributed to pericytes. To those researchers newer to this area, it will be useful to have the background information on these cells´ unique history. It will be invaluable for both advanced cell biology students as well as researchers in cell biology, stem cells and researchers or clinicians involved with specific diseases.
Erosive tooth wear is a multifactorial condition of growing concern to the clinician and the subject of extensive research. Since the publication of the first edition of the book with the title Dental Erosion, new knowledge for a better understanding of this important subject has been gathered. The new and more detailed insights resulted in this second, extended publication. It presents a broad spectrum of views, from the molecular level to behavioural aspects, as well as trends in society. In particular, the issues concerning chemical and biological factors as well as dental erosion in children are covered more extensively in this second edition. The first chapters include topics such as the definition, diagnosis, interaction, epidemiology and histopathology of tooth wear. Further, the aetiology of dental erosion, including nutritional and patient-related factors, and dental erosion in children are discussed. This book is a valuable and indispensable guide to better oral health and is highly recommended to faculty members, researchers, dental students, practitioners and other dental professionals.
The existence of genes for RNA molecules not coding for proteins (ncRNAs) has been recognized since the 1950´s, but until recently, aside from the critically important ribosomal and transfer RNA genes, most focus has been on protein coding genes. However, a long series of striking discoveries, from RNA´s ability to carry out catalytic function, to discovery of riboswitches, microRNAs and other ribo-regulators performing critical tasks in essentially all living organisms, has created a burgeoning interest in this primordial component of the biosphere. However, the structural characteristics and evolutionary constraints on RNA molecules are very different from those of proteins, necessitating development of a completely new suite of informatic tools to address these challenges. In RNA Sequence, Structure, Function: Computational and Bioinformatic Methods , expert researchers in the field describe a substantial and relevant fraction of these methodologies from both practical and computational/algorithmic perspectives. Focusing on both of these directions addresses both the biologist interested in knowing more about RNA bioinformatics as well as the bioinformaticist interested in more detailed aspects of the algorithms. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, the chapters include the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results. Thorough and intuitive, RNA Sequence, Structure, Function: Computational and Bioinformatic Methods aids scientists in continuing to study key methods and principles of RNA bioinformatics.
This book presents up-to-date, practically oriented information on major topics in acute hepatitis. The coverage encompasses epidemiology; diagnosis, including molecular methods; treatment and challenges; and the management of co-infections. The book opens by examining the local and global epidemiology of acute hepatitis. Detailed attention is then paid to each of acute hepatitis A, acute hepatitis B, acute hepatitis C, hepatitis D co-infection, and hepatitis E. Acute Hepatitis will be of high value for general practitioners and specialists in gastroenterology, infectious diseases, and internal medicine. It will be international in scope in terms of both authorship and appeal.