Detailed Mechanical Design:A Practical Guide James G. Skakoon
For upper-level undergraduate engineering courses in Mechanical Behavior of Materials. Mechanical Behavior of Materials, 4/e introduces the spectrum of mechanical behavior of materials, emphasizing practical engineering methods for testing structural materials to obtain their properties, and predicting their strength and life when used for machines, vehicles, and structures. With its logical treatment and ready-to-use format, it is ideal for upper-level undergraduate students who have completed elementary mechanics of materials courses. Features + Benefits Specific and useful coverage in a single resource Tackles materials testing, yield criteria, stress-based fatigue, fracture mechanics, crack growth, strain-based fatigue, and creep. Thorough coverage of fatigue of materials Addresses all three major approaches, including: stress-based approach; crack growth approach, and strain-based approach. Realistic data Employs actual laboratory data on real engineering materials in all illustrations, examples, and problems that involve materials data, giving students realistic impressions as to the actual values and behavior for the material involved. Standard test methods for determining mechanical properties of materials Summarizes methods for students and provides an understanding of the principles behind each test method. Example property data are given, as is a discussion of trends in the properties. Substantial reference lists at the end of each chapter Delivers additional information for student design or research projects, for practicing engineers needing more detailed information, or for instructors planning lectures where special detail is desired. Where appropriate, lists are subdivided to identify special categories, such as sources of stress analysis solutions or materials properties. Comprehensive appendices Appendix A offers a concise summary of equations for calculating stresses and deflections for simple engineering components such as beams, shafts, and pressure vessels. Appendix B provides an introduction to statistical data analysis and variation in materials properties. Comprehensive instructor resources Features text illustrations, Microsoft Excel® files for most of the example problems in the text, and solutions to end-of-chapter problems for which calculation or a difficult derivation is required. 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Types of Material Failure 2 1.3 Design and Materials Selection 10 1.4 Technological Challenge 16 1.5 Economic Importance of Fracture 18 1.6 Summary 19 References 20 Problems and Questions 20 2 Structure and Deformation in Materials 22 2.1 Introduction 22 2.2 Bonding in Solids 24 2.3 Structure in Crystalline Materials 28 2.4 Elastic Deformation and Theoretical Strength 32 2.5 Inelastic Deformation 37 2.6 Summary 43 References 44 Problems and Questions 45 3 A Survey of Engineering Materials 47 3.1 Introduction 47 3.2 Alloying and Processing of Metals 48 3.3 Irons and Steels 54 3.4 Nonferrous Metals 62 3.5 Polymers 66 3.6 Ceramics and Glasses 76 3.7 Composite Materials 82 3.8 Materials Selection for Engineering Components 87 3.9 Summary 93 References 95 Problems and Questions 96 4 Mechanical Testing: Tension Test and Other Basic Tests 100 4.1 Introduction 100 4.2 Introduction to Tension Test 105 4.3 Engineering StressStrain Properties 110 4.4 Trends in Tensile Behavior 119 4.5 True StressStrain Interpretation of Tension Test 125 4.6 Compression Test 133 4.7 Hardness Tests 139 4.8 Notch-Impact Tests 146 4.9 Bending and Torsion Tests 151 4.10 Summary 157 References 158 Problems and Questions 159 5 StressStrain Relationships and Behavior 172 5.1 Introduction 172 5.2 Models for Deformation Behavior 173 5.3 Elastic Deformation 183 5.4 Anisotropic Materials 196 5.5 Summary 205 References 207 Problems and Questions 207 6 Review of Complex and Principal States of Stress and Strain 216 6.1 Introduction 216 6.2 Plane Stress 217 6.3 Principal Stresses and the Maximum Shear Stress 227 6.4 Three-Dimensional States of Stress 235 6.5 Stresses on the Octahedral Planes 242 6.6 Complex States of Strain 244 6.7 Summary 249 References 251 Problems and Questions 251 7 Yielding and Fracture under Combined Stresses 257 7.1 Introduction 257 7.2 General Form of Failure Criteria 259 7.3 Maximum Normal Stress Fracture Criterion 261 7.4 Maximum Shear Stress Yield Criterion 264 7.5 Octahedral Shear Stress Yield Criterion 270 7.6 Discussion of the Basic Failure Criteria 277 7.7 CoulombMohr Fracture
This book provides a frame how mechanical properties are different in the Glass and Glass-ceramics. Different approach for the production of glass and glass-ceramics. A detailed study on fracture mechanics on Glass discussed in detail in this book. This b
This tutorial book offers an in-depth overview of the fundamental principles of micro/nano technologies and devices related to sensing, actuation and diagnosis in fluidics and biosystems. Research in the MEMS/NEMS and lab-on-chip fields has seen rapid growth in both academic and industrial domains, as these biodevices and systems are increasingly replacing traditional large size diagnostic tools. This book is unique in describing not only the devices and technologies but also the basic principles of their operation. The comprehensive description of the fabrication, packaging and principles of micro/nano biosystems presented in this book offers guidance for researchers designing and implementing these biosystems across diverse fields including medical, pharmaceutical and biological sciences. The book provides a detailed overview of the fundamental mechanical, optical, electrical and magnetic principles involved, together with the technologies required for the design, fabrication and characterization of micro/nano fluidic systems and bio-devices. Written by a collaborative team from France and Korea, the book is suitable for academics, researchers, advanced level students and industrial manufacturers.
The idea of engineering has been present since prehistoric times when humans started shaping important creations like the lever, wheel and pulley. Every invention is described with the contemporary explanation of basic engineering principles of mechanics. The word engineering has been derived from the term engineer and dates back to around recently 1325 and the word engineer in those times meant or denoted to someone who was the constructor of engines. The term engine has actually become obsolete as it is now refers to a military machine or in a more detailed description it was a mechanical apparatus used in wars. The word engine comes from the Latin word ingenium which means intrinsic quality, particularly cerebral power, as in an ingenious creation. As time passed more structures like houses, buildings and bridges were invented, which required new engineering techniques. The term civil engineering was introduced to differentiate among those who were experts in building military machines and was called military engineering. The term engineering is extremely broad and comprises a variety of different types of engineering, each focusing on specific parts of technology, applied science and applications. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Tracy Tupman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/068809/bk_acx0_068809_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Aircraft Materials and Analysis addresses aircraft design, mechanical and structural factors in aviation, flight loads, structural integrity, stresses, properties of materials, compression, bending, and aircraft fatigue. Detailed analysis of the failure processis provided. This authoritative guide examines materials used in aircraft construction such as aluminum, steel, glass, composite, rubber, and carbon fiber. Maintenanceprocedures for corrosion and aging aircraft are discussed and methods of inspection such as nondestructive testingand nondestructive inspection are described. Accident investigation case studies review aircraft design, materialbehavior, NTSB findings, safety, stress factors, and human factor involvement. End-of-chapter questions reinforce thetopics covered in this practical resource. Aircraft Materials and Analysis covers: * The aircraft--standards for design, structural integrity, and system safety * Aircraft materials * Loads on the aircraft * Stress analysis * Torsion, compression, and bending loads * Aircraft riveted joints and pressure vessels * Heat treatments of metals * Aircraft fatigue/aircraft material fatigue * Aircraft corrosion * Dynamic stress, temperature stress, and experimental methods * Composites * Nondestructive Testing (NDT) * Aviation maintenance management * Case studies and human factors
Bioprocess engineering employs microorganisms to produce biological products for medical and industrial applications. The book covers engineering tasks around the cultivation process in bioreactors including topics like media design, feeding strategies, or cell harvesting. All aspects are described from conceptual considerations to technical realization. It gives insight to students of technical biology, bioengineering, and biotechnology by detailed explanations, drawings, formulas, and example processes.Bioprocess engineering uses microorganisms to produce biological products for medical, industrial and agricultural applications. In Bioprocess Engineering upstream, bioreaction, and downstream stages are closely linked to each other. From a biological point of view photo-biotechnology is in the centre of interest as well as processes, where the particulate properties play an important role. The main technical means are fermentation under highly controlled conditions, mathematical modelling of bioprocesses including measurement of intracellular compounds, as well as mechanical separation methods arising from downstream processing.
Introducing Human Design, the revolutionary system that reveals the personality ´blueprint´ of who you were born to be. Using the precise details of your birth, it´s more accurate than astrology. And with a free CD you can map your own life chart, and those of your friends and family. You´ll never read your horoscope again. Forget your sign, what´s your design? Would you like to know how to make the best decisions and follow your correct path in life? Would you like to know how you best interact with people, both professionally and personally? Would you like to know who you really are? Human Design is an exciting new profiling system that answers all these questions by pinpointing your personality ´blueprint´. According to Human Design, we are each born with an inbuilt individuality as unique as our fingerprint - accessed simply from the date, time and location of our birth. Using this information, Human Design produces a ´life chart´, revealing a remarkably detailed and accurate picture of your personality blueprint, including your strengths and limitations, people you work best with, how you communicate - in short who you were designed to be from birth. Chetan Parkyn, an ex-mechanical engineer, is the most successful practitioner of Human Design in the world. Here he launches his first book and CD as an introductory guide to interpreting your Human Design chart and how to apply it to your life to release your true potential. Once you know which of the 5 personality types you are, from there you can discover your detailed personality blueprint including: - whether you are designed with creative or organisational energy - your style of decision-making and how it can maximise your opportunities -how you interact with people socially or fit into a team at work - are you designed to be a guider or a follower - how you emotionally and mentally respond to challenges and problem-solving The power of the Human Design system is surprising thousands of people around the world with its staggering accuracy and relevance, and asks the question: Are you living your Human Design?
In the decade and a half since the publication of the Second Edition of A User´s Guide to Vacuum Technology there have been many important advances in the field, including spinning rotor gauges, dry mechanical pumps, magnetically levitated turbo pumps, and ultraclean system designs. These, along with improved cleaning and assembly techniques have made contamination-free manufacturing a reality. Designed to bridge the gap in both knowledge and training between designers and end users of vacuum equipment, the Third Edition offers a practical perspective on today´s vacuum technology. With a focus on the operation, understanding, and selection of equipment for industrial processes used in semiconductor, optics, packaging, and related coating technologies, A User´s Guide to Vacuum Technology, Third Edition provides a detailed treatment of this important field. While emphasizing the fundamentals and touching on significant topics not adequately covered elsewhere, the text avoids topics not relevant to the typical user.