Detailed Mechanical Design:A Practical Guide James G. Skakoon
This book contains a comprehensive review of CMP (Chemical-Mechanical Planarization) technology, one of the most exciting areas in the field of semiconductor technology. It contains detailed discussions of all aspects of the technology, for both dielectrics and metals. The state of polishing models and their relation to experimental results are covered. Polishing tools and consumables are also covered. The leading edge issues of damascene and new dielectrics as well as slurryless technology are discussed.
The idea of engineering has been present since prehistoric times when humans started shaping important creations like the lever, wheel and pulley. Every invention is described with the contemporary explanation of basic engineering principles of mechanics. The word engineering has been derived from the term engineer and dates back to around recently 1325 and the word engineer in those times meant or denoted to someone who was the constructor of engines. The term engine has actually become obsolete as it is now refers to a military machine or in a more detailed description it was a mechanical apparatus used in wars. The word engine comes from the Latin word ingenium which means intrinsic quality, particularly cerebral power, as in an ingenious creation. As time passed more structures like houses, buildings and bridges were invented, which required new engineering techniques. The term civil engineering was introduced to differentiate among those who were experts in building military machines and was called military engineering. The term engineering is extremely broad and comprises a variety of different types of engineering, each focusing on specific parts of technology, applied science and applications. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Tracy Tupman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/068809/bk_acx0_068809_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This book addresses one of the most important components for pedestrian safety in vehicles - laminated windshields. It includes detailed real-world material characterization results for laminated glass and testing methodologies, constitutive models, and step-by-step numerical simulation modeling and simulation methods. As such, the book provides readers a thorough understanding of the mechanical behaviors of laminated glass and windshields. It also presents fundamental test data, analysis methodologies and essential insights into laminated glass safety design and mechanical behavior prediction. The book addresses the needs of researchers, engineers and postgraduate students in the fields of automotive engineering, mechanical engineering and related areas.
Fatigue and wear are the most damaging phenomena affecting machines since they result in some 90% of breakdowns. This tutorial book systematically develops a unified overview, named tribo-fatigue, which aims to address the complex wear-fatigue damages. Tribo-fatigue synthesizes aspects of three disciplines: mechanical fatigue, tribology, and reliability of mechanical systems. Tribo-fatigue opens new perspectives for increasing the durability of machines according to the most important criteria of their serviceability. Detailed damage measurement and wear-fatigue tests that enable engineers to design more durable and reliable systems are developed. The book is intended for advanced students, researchers and engineers.
This book presents the basics and methods of nanoscale analytical techniques for tribology field. It gives guidance to the application of mechanical, microstructural, chemical characterization methods and topography analysis of materials. It provides an overview of the of state-of-the-art for researchers and practitioners in the field of tribology. It shows different examples to the application of mechanical, microstructural, chemical characterization methods and topography analysis of materials. Friction and Wear phenomena are governed by complexe processes at the interface of sliding surfaces. For a detailed understanding of these phenomena many surface sensitive techniques have become available in recent years. The applied methods are atom probe tomography, in situ TEM, SERS, NEXAFS, in situ XPS, nanoindentation and in situ Raman spectroscopy. A survey of new related numerical calculations completes this book. This concerns ab-initio coupling, numerical calculations for mechanical aspects and density functional theory (DFT) to study chemical reactivity.
This book aimed to provide the most thorough knowledge of ocular anatomy related to trauma and standard ocular examinations to clinical practitioners, such as the nurses, medical students, residents, fellows and even ophthalmologists, to help them making the most appropriate decision on the management of patients who have suffered from such ocular conditions. A thorough understanding of the anatomy of the eyeball and the traumatic characteristics of each structure of the eyeball are a prerequisite for proper interpretation of long-term outcomes of mechanical eye injuries. The first part provides the audiences general information of ocular anatomy, which will help them understand the basic anatomic knowledge and generate a clinical thinking. The following part provides the detailed examinations. They will help readers to make the right diagnose and offer the best advice or treatment to the patients. For each chapter, detailed clinical workup, clinical presentations and signs, and pictures or illustrative figures will be provided. Part 3 will benefit more medical coworkers to be familiar with the registration system of ocular trauma and its social and medical meaning. This will also help the advances of epidemiology and proper treatment approaches for ocular trauma. Hopefully this book may help the clinical practitioners to be fully prepared for any challenge of ocular traumatic cases.
Introducing Human Design, the revolutionary system that reveals the personality ´blueprint´ of who you were born to be. Using the precise details of your birth, it´s more accurate than astrology. And with a free CD you can map your own life chart, and those of your friends and family. You´ll never read your horoscope again. Forget your sign, what´s your design? Would you like to know how to make the best decisions and follow your correct path in life? Would you like to know how you best interact with people, both professionally and personally? Would you like to know who you really are? Human Design is an exciting new profiling system that answers all these questions by pinpointing your personality ´blueprint´. According to Human Design, we are each born with an inbuilt individuality as unique as our fingerprint - accessed simply from the date, time and location of our birth. Using this information, Human Design produces a ´life chart´, revealing a remarkably detailed and accurate picture of your personality blueprint, including your strengths and limitations, people you work best with, how you communicate - in short who you were designed to be from birth. Chetan Parkyn, an ex-mechanical engineer, is the most successful practitioner of Human Design in the world. Here he launches his first book and CD as an introductory guide to interpreting your Human Design chart and how to apply it to your life to release your true potential. Once you know which of the 5 personality types you are, from there you can discover your detailed personality blueprint including: - whether you are designed with creative or organisational energy - your style of decision-making and how it can maximise your opportunities -how you interact with people socially or fit into a team at work - are you designed to be a guider or a follower - how you emotionally and mentally respond to challenges and problem-solving The power of the Human Design system is surprising thousands of people around the world with its staggering accuracy and relevance, and asks the question: Are you living your Human Design?
In this monograph, Steffen Ducheyne provides a historically detailed and systematically rich explication of Newton’s methodology. Throughout the pages of this book, it will be shown that Newton developed a complex natural-philosophical methodology which encompasses procedures to minimize inductive risk during the process of theory formation and which, thereby, surpasses a standard hypothetico-deductive methodological setting. Accordingly, it will be highlighted that the so-called ‘Newtonian Revolution’ was not restricted to the empirical and theoretical dimensions of science, but applied equally to the methodological dimension of science. Furthermore, it will be documented that Newton’s methodology was far from static and that it developed alongside with his scientific work. Attention will be paid not only to the successes of Newton’s innovative methodology, but equally to its tensions and limitations. Based on a thorough study of Newton’s extant manuscripts, this monograph will address and contextualize, inter alia, Newton’s causal realism, his views on action at a distance and space and time, the status of efficient causation in the /Principia/, the different phases of his methodology, his treatment of force and the constituents of the physico-mathematical models in the context of Book I of the /Principia/, the analytic part of the argument for universal gravitation, the meaning and significance of his regulae philosophandi, the methodological differences between his mechanical and optical work, and, finally, the interplay between Newton’s theology and his natural philosophy.
This book is intended as a text for undergraduate and graduate courses in aerodynamics, typically offered to students of aerospace and mechanical engineering programs. It covers all aspects of aerodynamics. The book begins with a description of the standard atmosphere and basic concepts, then moves on to cover the equations and mathematical models used to describe and characterize flow fields, as well as their thermodynamic aspects and applications. Specific emphasis is placed on the relation between concepts and their use in aircraft design. Additional topics of interest to the reader are presented in the Appendix, which draws on the teachings provided in the text. The book is written in an easy to understand manner, with pedagogical aids such as chapter overviews, summaries, and descriptive and objective questions to help students evaluate their progress. Atmospheric and gas tables are provided to facilitate problem solving. Lastly, a detailed bibliography is included at the end of each chapter to provide students with further resources. The book can also be used as a text for professional development courses in aerodynamics.